Neo-Latin commentaries, 2013

Est paru en 2013 un ouvrage sur les commentaires néo-latins de la fin du Moyen-Âge à l’époque moderne, signalé par Compitum :

Karel Enenkel et Henk Nellen (éd.), Neo-Latin Commentaries and the Management of Knowledge in the Late Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period (1400 -1700), Leuven, 2013. Leuven University Press, Supplementa Humanistica Lovaniensia, 33, 540 pages. ISBN : 978-90-5867-936-9 (79,50 €).

Between 1400 and 1700 the political, religious, intellectual, and even geographic landscape was profoundly changed by the Reformation, Humanism, the rise of empirical science, the invention of printing technology, and the discovery of the New World. The late medieval and early modern intellectuals felt an urgent need to respond to the changes they were involved in, and to come to a revision and re-authorisation of knowledge. They embarked on a scholarly programme of a quality and extent hitherto unknown in the Western world: the whole body of the literature of antiquity, including the Bible, was to be re-edited critically and furnished with commentaries. The Neo-Latin commentary became the most important genre of humanist scholarship. This book sheds light on the various ways in which classical authors and the Bible were commented on, the types of commentary, the commenting strategies that were used to approach different readerships, the various kinds of knowledge that were collected, created, and transmitted, and the usages and reading practices applied to commentaries.

Table des matières

Table of content

List of Illustrations

Acknowledgements

Introduction : Neo-Latin Commentaries and the Management of Knowledge

1. The Neo-Latin Commentary (1400-1700): A Forgotten and Misunderstood Genre

2. The increased importance of the commentary and other paratexts in the early modern period

3. The commentary as an open genre. The early modern commentary’s tendency toward emancipation from the source text

4. The kaleidoscopic functions of the early modern commentary

a. The commentary as a means of authorization
b. The commentary as an educational tool at schools and universities
c. Early modern commentaries as encyclopedias of learning
d. Commentaries and textual criticism
e. Commentaries and the cultural history of antiquity (ars antiquitatis)
f. Political commentary
g. Commentaries as stimuli for social cohesion and as polemical platforms
h. Parafrasis as literary exercise
i. Manuscript annotations in printed books

5. The layout of the early modern commentary

6. Indexing

7. Related genres: variae lectiones, dictionarium (dictionary) and encyclopedia

8. The commentary in historical perspective

9. The present volume

I. Historical and geographical collections of knowledge

Karl Enenkel (Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster) : Kommentare als multivalente Wissenssammlungen: Das ‘Fürstenspiegel’-Kommentarwerk Antonio Beccadellis (De dictis et factis Alphonsi Regis Aragonum, 1455), Enea Silvio Piccolominis (1456) und Jakob Spiegels (1537)

Susanna de Beer (Leiden University) : The World Upside Down: The Geographical Revolution in Humanist Commentaries on Pliny’s Natural History and Mela’s De situ orbis (1450-1700)

II. Classical Poetry

Craig Kallendorf (Texas A&M University, College Station) : Virgil and the Ethical Commentary: Philosophy, Commonplaces, and the Structure of Renaissance Knowledge

Christoph Pieper (Leiden University) : Horatius praeceptor eloquentiae. The Ars Poetica in Cristoforo Landino’s Commentary

Marianne Pade (Aarhus University) : Niccolò Perotti’s Cornu copiae: The Commentary as a Repository of Knowledge

Valéry Berlincourt (Université de Genève) : ‘Going beyond the Author’: Caspar von Barth’s Observations on the Art of Commentary-Writing and his Use of Exegetical Digressions

III. Drama

Jan Bloemendal (Huygens Institute for the History of the Netherlands, The Hague) : In the Shadow of Donatus: Observations on Terence and Some of his Early Modern Commentators

Volkhard Wels (Berlin) : Contempt for Commentators: Transformation of the Commentary Tradition in Daniel Heinsius’ Constitutio tragoediae

IV. Law

Willem J. Zwalve (Leiden University) : Text & Commentary: The Legal Middle Ages and the Roman Law Tradition: Justinian’s Const. Omnem and its Medieval Commentators

Bernard H. Stolte (University of Groningen) : Text and Commentary: Legal Humanism

V. Bible

Bernd Roling (Freie Universität Berlin) : Animalische Sprache und Intelligenz im Schriftkommentar: Bileams Esel in der Bibelkommentierung des Mittelalters und der Neuzeit

Henk Nellen (Huygens Institute for the History of the Netherlands, The Hague) : Bible Commentaries as a Platform for Polemical Debate: Abraham Calovius versus Hugo Grotius

Jetze Touber (Utrecht University) : Philology and Theology: Commenting the Old Testament in the Dutch Republic, 1650-1700

Notes on the Contributors

Index


Julie Damaggio

Doctorante de l'Université Paris-Sorbonne, prépare une thèse d'édition des fragments d'Aelius Stilo et enseigne dans un collège de l'Isère ; co-rédactrice en chef du carnet Grammaticalia.

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